廣告 Ad

HKDA2020 DJ website banner 675x120 b_101

[中][Eng] 創團之初的女子-香港舞蹈團35周年回望 WOMEN AT THE START-Reflecting on the 35th Anniversary of Hong Kong Dance Company

 

《大地之歌》The Song of the Earth,編舞Choreographer: 江青Chiang Ching,舞者

Dancers: 楊雲濤 Yang Yun-tao,蘇淑Su Shu

圖片由香港舞蹈團提供。Photo provided by Hong Kong Dance Company.

 

香港舞蹈團35年來獲得眾多優秀的舞者、傑出的作品與卓越的總監,成就舞團今日的風采。不計其他眾多獎項,僅過往8年間,舞團共取得4項香港藝術發展獎及19項香港舞蹈年獎—包括10項傑出舞蹈製作(包括整個製作的獎項及個別組別的獎項)及9項傑出舞蹈演出。回顧舞團的歷史,更顯得現今的成就超然卓越。大多頂尖國際舞團不但歷史悠久,而且早年均具目光長遠的領航人經年發展藝術成果;相反,香港舞蹈團在其簡短歷程中,已經歷了先後7名藝術總監,有時職位更告懸空,由署任或助理藝術總監暫司其職。以英國浪漫主義詩人威廉·華茲華斯的觀察「孩提乃成人之父祐」形容舞團實貼切之至,特別是早年兩位女子的領導,為舞團日後的成就奠定基礎。

 

Terrific dancers, great works, illustrious directors, the trifecta for success, have been Hong Kong Dance Company’s fortune for the past 35 years. In the last eight years alone, among other accolades, its artists and productions have garnered four Hong Kong Arts Development Council Awards and ninteen Hong Kong Dance Awards – ten for Outstanding Productions that include awards for overall productions as well as for individual elements for productions, and nine for Outstanding Performances. It’s a remarkable achievement especially when you consider that unlike many of today’s premiere international dance companies who had long-serving, strong visionaries at the helm during their formative years, during its relatively brief history, the Hong Kong Dance Company has had seven Artistic Directors – at times, the post of Artistic Director was even left vacant, with ‘Acting’ or ‘Assistant’ Artistic Directors filling in until an appointment was made. English Romantic poet William Wordsworth’s observation, “The child is father of the man” could be applied to the Hong Kong Dance Company, especially the impact two women had on its development. Their leadership in its early years helped set the stage for the Company’s future successes.

 

舞團1981年成立後委任美藉華裔編舞家及金馬獎影后江青(江)為其首位藝術總監(1982—1984)。生於北京的江自十歲起於剛成立的北京舞蹈學院接受專業訓練,至16歲舉家移民香港。60年代,她憑著擔任演員及編舞家,於港台影壇取得輝煌成就,並於1973年移居紐約,成立舞團巡演國際。舞團在江短暫的帶領下,其美學觸覺及實踐,擬定了其藝術風格的雛形,影響至今。江為表演季度訂立不同類型製作,包括長篇舞劇、中國古典舞蹈表演、中國少數民族土風舞之夜,以及綜合內地及本地編舞者的新作精選,拓闊了「中國」舞蹈的界限。

 

Founded in 1981, the Company appointed Chinese-American choreographer and Golden Horse Awards winning actress Chiang Ching (1982-1984) as its first Artistic Director. Beijing born Chiang, who trained professionally at the nascent Beijing Dance Academy from the age of ten, moved with her family to Hong Kong when she was 16-years old. After a highly successful career in Hong Kong and Taiwan films during the 1960s as lead actress and choreographer, Chiang moved to New York where in 1973 she established her own dance company that toured internationally. Her appointment and brief leadership of the newly formed Hong Kong Dance Company set its tone and established aesthetic sensitivities and practices that resonate to this day. Chiang instituted performance seasons with different types of productions including full-length dance dramas, Chinese classical dance shows, evenings of folk dances of China’s diverse minority groups, and mixed bills of new works from Mainland and local choreographers that stretched the boundaries of ‘Chinese’ dance.

江青 Chiang Ching

圖片由香港舞蹈團提供。Photo provided by Hong Kong Dance Company.

 

駐團兩年間,江推出超過30位編舞家的作品,當中舒巧、應萼定及梁國城更先後成為舞團未來的藝術總監;另包括香港現代舞先驅黎海寧、彭錦耀、潘少輝及曹誠淵,本地中國舞先驅何浩川及冼源,及香港演藝學院舞蹈學院創院院長胡善佳。她每季均會為舞團添注一至兩項自己的作品,其餘作品主要來自其他藝術家。往後總監大致跟隨此做法,可見舞團忠實反映香港及中國的多元文化,不困宥於單一藝術角度。另一項江影響至今的模板設定為編舞上的探索,及/或取材自多樣的中華素材,包括電影、文學、畫作及其他視覺藝術、神話、傳統戲曲,乃至傳統及現代音樂。

 

In the two years of her tenure, Chiang presented the works of over 30 choreographers in Company productions including dances by three of its future Artistic Directors, Shu Qiao, Ying E Ding, and Leung Kwok-shing, works by Hong Kong modern dance pioneers, Helen Lai, Sunny Pang, Pun Sui-fai, and Willy Tsao, and by future leaders in Hong Kong Chinese dance community Ho Ho-chuen and Sin Yuen, as well as by the founding Dean of the Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts School of Dance, Carl Wolz. With Chiang contributing one or two pieces to the Company’s repertory each season and a preponderance of works coming from other artists, a practice largely followed by subsequent directors, the Company truly reflected the diversity of Hong Kong and Chinese cultures rather than a single artistic point of view. Other features of Chiang’s tenure that set the model for the Company’s future productions were choreographic explorations and/or integration of material from diverse Chinese sources including film, literature, painting and other visual arts, mythology, traditional opera, and traditional and contemporary music.

 

離任後,江繼續與舞團保持聯繫,為舞團再編三項作品,其中跨時代之作《大地之歌》(2002) 完美展示她的美學觀點,最為矚目。以古斯塔夫·馬勒《大地之歌》(1909)為基礎,編作出同名舞劇,由香港管弦樂團室樂團演奏,克斯蒂‧納比指揮, 聲樂家次女高音烏爾里卡‧坦斯塔姆及男高音莫華倫演唱,盧燕旁白,林璟如擔任劇場服裝及化妝設計師,莊喆作畫,江編舞並負責佈景及道具設計。馬勒將唐代詩人李白、錢起、孟浩然及王維詩作的德譯本融貫於他的聲樂套曲中;此製作中,江則請著名詩人鄭愁予將德文歌詞譯作中文,作六個樂章展開前之讀白。貫徹其音樂,舞蹈同樣映照生、死、與重生。文字、舞台設計與動作,均富含對自然的想像。江的動作,基於身體在扭動與推伸時產生立體的螺旋狀,及與其具對比之肢體在平面的拱曲 。舞蹈質樸而直接,作品的重心落於旁白、舞者與歌唱者各自的關係,與及他們與環境的關聯 。觀眾注意力受他們牽引,與他們產生聯繫。這非關於技巧造詣的展示,而在於他們的情感表現力。他們彼此連結,而我們則與他們產生聯繫,也因此能夠回應此作品所探索的宏大主題。

 

Chiang continued her association after stepping down as Artistic Director choreographing three works for the Company, most notable was her 2002 transcendent production of The Song of the Earth that epitomizes her aesthetic perspective. Set to Gustav Mahler’s 1909 Das Lied von der Erde with the Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra Chamber Ensemble conducted by Kerstin Nerbe, sung by mezzo-soprano Unika Tenstam and tenor Warren Mok, narrated by Lisa Lu, with costume and make-up designs by Ling Jing-ru, paintings by Chuang Che, Chiang’s choreography, and her own set and props design. While Mahler incorporated German translations of Tang dynasty poems by Li Bo, Qian Qi, Meng Haoran, and Wang Wei into his song-cycle, for her production, Chiang had the German lyrics re-written and translated into Chinese by the renowned poet Cheng Chou-yu and used them as a narration introducing each of the work’s six movements. Like the musical work, the dance reflects on life, death, and rebirth. The text, stage setting, and movements are steeped in nature imagery. Chiang’s movement is based on the three-dimensional spiral of the body twisting in space and on the thrusting and two-dimensional arcing of limbs and the whole body used as a contrast to the spiral. The dance is unadorned, direct; the narrator, dancers, and singers, their relationships to each other and to their environment are at the heart of the work. Our attention is drawn to them, we connect with them, not because of displays of technical prowess, but because of their emotional expressivity; because they relate to each other, we relate to them, and are able to reflect as well on the great themes the work explores.

 

舒巧,舞團第二任及歷來任期最長的藝術總監(1986-1994)。她首次與舞團合作是於1982年其作品在舞團的《中國舞蹈精選》中演出,該節目共包含十位編舞家的作品。舒被譽為中國舞劇最重要、創新而多產的編舞家之一。生於上海的她自幼加入新安旅行團,並於中央戲劇學院習舞。60年代,擔演中國民族舞劇《小刀會》女主角周秀英一舉成名。於到任舞團前,舒巧於上海創作多個實驗性大型舞劇。1983年她為舞團策劃的《畫皮》,改編自清代作家蒲松玲《聊齋志異》中書生受厲鬼化身的美女迷惑的故事。在港掀起熱潮,重演四次, 於1991年演最後一次。

 

The second, and longest serving, Artistic Director, Shu Qiao (1986 – 1994), first became associated with the Company in 1982 when she was one of ten choreographers whose works the Company performed on a mixed program entitled Chinese Dances. Shu is regarded as one of the most important, innovative, and prolific choreographers of Chinese dance dramas. Born in Shanghai, she joined the Xin’an Touring Troupe as a child and studied dance at the Central Academy of Drama. She rose to fame in the 1960s for her performance in the role of Zhou Xiu-ying in the Chinese national dance drama The Dagger Society. Before taking the helm as Artistic Director for the Company she created many experimental and large scale dance dramas in Shanghai. Hua Pi – Ghost under a Beauty’s Skin, which she staged for the Company in 1983, is based on a story about “the bewitchment of a scholar by an evil spirit in the disguise of a beautiful girl” by the Qing dynasty writer Pu Song-ling from his Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio. The production was a hit in Hong Kong and the Company reprised it four times, the last time in 1991.

 

 舒巧 Shu Qiao

圖片由香港舞蹈團提供。Photo provided by Hong Kong Dance Company.

 

舒曾參與超過20部舞團的作品,種類多樣,從中國古典舞蹈,長篇舞劇到較短篇的實驗性作品。承襲《畫皮》的成功,她繼續以一系列作品探討角色在矛盾關係中的內在掙扎。當中,改編自白先勇同名原著《玉卿嫂》(1985),一個寡婦愛上癆病青年,但青年最後移情新相識旦角的悲劇。舞作由葉純之編譜音樂,演出成功後亦兩度重演。1987年,舒受內地導演陳凱歌首部電影《黃土地》啟發,編了以譚盾作曲的同名舞作《黃土地》。而1990年的《胭脂扣》(及1992年新版)則由香港知名作曲家羅永暉為其譜曲,其創作靈感源自1988年 (由關錦鵬執導,張國榮及梅艷芳主演,改編自李碧華同名小說)的同名電影。舞劇依從李氏原著,講述名妓如花為守候情郎陳振邦(十二少),於地府等待50年的故事。二人協定殉情,十二少殘存而如花返回陽間尋郎。

 

Shu went on to stage more than 20 works for the Company from Chinese classical dances and full-length dance dramas to shorter experimental works. She followed the success of Hua Pi with a series of works that, like it, explored inner struggles of characters caught in conflicted relationships. Among these was Jade Love in 1985, based on the novel by Taiwanese writer Pai Hsien-yung, the story of a widow’s love for a consumptive young man that ends tragically when he falls in love with an actress. The dance, with music by Ip Shun-chi, was a great success and was revised two times. In 1987, Shu choreographed Yellow Earth to music composed by Tan Dun and inspired by Mainland director Chen Kaige’s first film. Rouge followed in 1990 (with a new version in 1992) with music by the renowned Hong Kong composer Law Wing-fai. Shu’s inspiration was Hong Kong director Stanley Kwan’s 1988 hit film starring Leslie Cheung and Anita Mui that adapted the novel by Hong Kong writer Li Pik-wah (Lilian Lee). The dance drama follows Li’s story of the ghost of prostitute Yu Fa who has waited 50 years in hell for her lover Chan Chen-pang, better known as Sap Yi-siu (12 th Young Master). They made a suicide pact to die together, but he survived and she returns to find him.

 

 《玉卿嫂》宣傳海報 Poster of Jade Love

圖片由香港舞蹈團提供。Photo provided by Hong Kong Dance Company.

 

 

其他一脈相承的作品包括《達賴六世情詩》(1988) 及《紅雪》(1992)。舒作品的角色—妓女、癮君子、鬼魂、惡靈、愚人、孤寡、陷於盲婚的外鄉少婦、渴求歷練的病弱青年、天真的學究、貪圖逸樂的詩人/僧侶、滿腔理想的年輕士兵等,能輕易構成娛樂性十足的戲劇。然而,舒卻在作品中顯出刻劃角色的功力,揭示角色人性,優點和缺點、希望與恐懼、夢想與幻滅。舒巧,這位全面的藝術家,為舞團創立專業觀念,永遠挑戰旗下藝術家向前,並取得舞者信任,接受她鞭策,以呈現角色的多重人性面向。90分鐘的演出中,我們被引進她創造的時空,經歷角色引人入勝的生命歷程。舒概括道:「......舞蹈藝術的生命力,來自其洞察與反映人的本性,以及人類情感、個性與生命的能力。」*

 

Other works in the same vein include The Love Story of Dalai VI in 1988 and The Snow in Red in 1992. The list of characters in Shu’s works - whores, roués, ghosts, evil spirits, fools, lonely widows, young provincial women caught in arranged marriages, sickly young men yearning for experiences, credulous scholars, sybaritic poet/monks, idealistic young soldiers, and so on, could easily supply fodder for entertaining caricatures. Instead, in her works, Shu demonstrates her power to delve deeply into her characters to draw out and reveal their humanity, their strengths and weaknesses, hopes and fears, dreams and despair. A consummate artist Shu helped create a professional ethos at the Company, continuously challenging her artists to go further, gaining her dancers’ trust to let her push them to embody in their performances the manifold facets of her characters’ humanity. During the 90 minutes or so that her dances play out on stage we are drawn into the worlds that Shu creates and into the lives of the enthralling characters who people those worlds. Shu has summed it up succinctly, "......The life of the art of dance should lie in its ability to perceive and reflect the nature of man and human emotion, character, and life.*

 

舒任內除製作第四任藝術總監蔣華軒四個作品,還與舞團第三任藝術總監應萼定在《畫皮》、《玉卿嫂》、《黃土地》及《達賴六世情詩》聯合編舞。梁國城,第五任藝術總監,則與舒一同為《胭脂扣》編舞。梁國城在江任內已為本團舞者。舒一直鼓勵舞團舞者及本港舞蹈家發揮編舞天賦,製作自己的作品,包括陳紹傑、錢秀蓮、何浩川、洪漢寶、羅耀威、梅卓燕、伍宇烈、王榮祿、彭錦耀、冼源、曹誠淵、黃恆輝及余碧艷。第七任、即現任藝術總監楊雲濤,自2002年起擔任首席舞蹈員,早年曾擔演《大地之歌》中死亡的象徵。

 

Besides producing four works of Jiang Huaxuan, the Company’s fourth Artistic Director, during her directorship, Shu engaged Ying E Ding, the Company’s third Artistic Director as co-choreographer for Hua Pi, Jade Love, Yellow Earth, and The Love Story of Dalai VI. Lueng Kwok-shing, the Company’s fifth Artistic Director was Shu’s co-choreographer for Rouge. Leung started off as a dancer with the Company during Chiang’s tenure. Among other Company dancers and dance artists in Hong Kong whose choreographic talents Shu encouraged by producing their works were Billy Chan Siu-kit, Miranda Chin, Ho Ho-chuen, Joseph Hung, Law Yiu-wai, Mui Cheuk-yin, Yuri Ng, Ong Yong-lock, Sunny Pang, Sin Yuen, Willy Tsao, Wong Hang-fai, and Yu Pik-yim. The seventh and current Artistic Director of the Company, Yang Yuntao, started as Principal Dancer in 2002. One of the first works he performed, in the role of Sign of Death, was Chiang’s The Song of the Earth.

 

兩位女子的傳奇流芳,已遠遠超出二人在舞團共十年來的任期,並為繼任者設下極高門檻,及後一眾藝術總監則以卓越表現回應挑戰,三十五年來帶領舞團走上進步昇華的螺旋階梯。如果移轉角度,將螺旋拉平化作圓,難辨是始還是終。

 

The legacy of these two remarkable women goes beyond the collective ten years of their stewardship of the Company. They set the bar high for their successors, and those subsequent Company Artistic Directors have brilliantly met the challenge and taken the company over its 35-year history in an ascendant spiral of success. When viewed from some angles, a spiral flattens out into a circle, where beginning and end are indistinguishable.

 

* 黎星(1992.5.15):《舒巧把舞蹈從黑色時代引領出來…》,《中國日報》

 

LiXing. “Shu Takes Dance out of the Dark Ages...” in China Daily. 1992/05/15.

 

 

 《紅雪》(1992) 宣傳海報;編舞:舒巧、華超。

Poster of The Snow in Red (1992); Choreographers: Shu Qiao, Hua Chao.

圖片由香港舞蹈團提供。Photo provided by Hong Kong Dance Company.

 

 

舒巧與團員排練《玉卿嫂》。Shu Qiao rehearsing Jade Love.

(網絡圖片Internet Pictures)


 

 

===

Tom Brown

 

is a former dancer and the retired Associate Dean of Dance, Head of Modern Dance, and

Dean of Graduate Education at the Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts. He is the editor of dance journal/hk.

 

 

 

Please reload

相關文章  RELATED ARTICLES

Please reload

 編輯推介  HIGHLIGHTS

[中] 探索舞蹈的邊界 — 預覽賽馬會藝壇新勢力

November 6, 2019

1/10
Please reload

廣告 Ad

過往出版  Past Publications