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[中][ENG]舞蹈治療師何天虹 Rainbow Ho: Dance Therapist

舞跡可尋

In Search of a Dance Story

何天虹Rainbow Ho; 攝Photo: Thalia Wong

何天虹教授(Rainbow)是一位舞蹈治療師。我們在香港大學行為健康教研中心傾談,教研中心的牆上掛著一幅幅粉筆畫、油畫,充滿天真直率的筆跡。何教授介紹說這些畫作是接受治療的求助者(Client)作品。其中一幅配了一句:「我的世界是彩色的,但是有黑色的爪在爪我」,每一幅擦身而過的畫作,都是一個經歷和寫照。教研中心裡有好幾個寬敞的舞蹈和活動室,也有製作陶瓷和畫畫的工作室,彷似一所小型藝術學校。


舞蹈室的窗台上列了多盤形態不一的盤栽植物。其中一盤的主幹扭曲,枝葉末端垂下生長。我笑說那盤栽奇怪像在跳舞,何眼亮起來說以欣賞的角度去看,很多東西都是舞蹈。


Professor Rainbow Ho is a dance therapist. We talked with her in the Center on Behavioral Health at the University of Hong Kong. Hanging on the wall along the way were chalk and oil paintings teeming with innocent and candid strokes. Prof. Ho said these paintings were her clients works. One of them comes with a caption, “My world is colorful, but a black claw keeps coming after me.” Every painting represents an experience and reflection. The Center also features a few spacious dance studios, activity rooms, and classrooms for pottery creation and drawing, making it similar to a small art school.


The windowsill in the dance studio is decorated with many quirkily-shaped plants, one of which has a twisted trunk with the leaves growing downward. The plant seems to be dancing, I told Prof. Ho, amused. She brightened and said if we see things from an appreciative perspective, a lot of objects are dances.


舞蹈室裡的植物 Plants in the dance studios; 攝Photo: Thalia Wong


身體動作是治療師的聽筒

何教授成為舞蹈治療師前,在生物學、解剖學、及免疫學都有深入研究。她說舞蹈治療的專業領域裡「舞蹈」是廣義的,「舞蹈治療師看的所有身體動作都可以是一種舞蹈,任何時候見到求助者的動作,都可以算是舞蹈,那怕只是一個呼吸或者一個眼神。」


舞蹈治療師以身體動作切入,協助求助者渡過心理障礙。在治療期間,治療師除了透過傾談了解求助者的情況,舞蹈就是此治療方式的獨有診斷和交流媒介。一些與身體記憶和經驗相關的創傷往往難以言喻和抒發,在安全和求助者已有充分預備的情況下,以舞蹈治療這類個案會比較直接。她形容治療期間看到的舞蹈都蘊含「來至靈性層面」的美,是身體與心靈相通的經驗。


至於治療師是如何從求助者的舞蹈中發現蛛絲馬跡,並再加以診斷和治療?「每一個動作都有意思」,動作觀察和分析是每個舞蹈治療師的必要技能。專業舞蹈中也經常用的拉班動作分析系統(Laban Movement Analysis),其實都能應用於舞蹈治療,例如拉班系統中的身體(Body)、勁力(Effort) 、形體(Shape)和空間(Space)的概念。另外,凱氏動作剖析系統(Kestenberg Movement Profile)亦常用於兒童個案分析。治療師透過觀察求助者的動作韻律,加上傾談和其他觀察做整全的分析,以了解求助者的整體狀況。


Movement: A Therapists’ Stethoscope

Before Prof. Ho became a dance therapist, she made an extensive study of in biology, anatomy, and immunology. In dance therapy, ‘dance’ has a broad definition. “To dance therapists, every body movement is a kind of dance. Whenever I see client's movement, it’s dance, even if it’s just a breath or an expression from his eyes,” she said.


Dance therapists help their clients overcome psychological stumbling blocks with body movement. During therapy, the therapist is able to come to understand the client’s situation via conversations and dance serves as a unique diagnostic medium. Trauma concerning body memories and experiences are hard to put into words so, dance therapy for these cases is a more straightforward solution. Prof. Ho said that dance during therapy “exudes spirituality” and an aesthetics of fusion between body and mind.


How do dance therapists examine their clients’ dancing for analysis and diagnosis?

“Every movement means something,” she said.


Observing and analyzing movement are the necessary skills for dance therapists. The concepts of body, effort, shape, and space in Laban Movement Analysis, commonly-used in professional dance, can also be applied in dance therapy, while Kestenberg Movement Profile is appropriate for children. Through observing clients’ movements, conversations, and other means, therapists are able to complete the analysis and diagnosis for their clients.