[中][ENG]舞蹈治療師何天虹 Rainbow Ho: Dance Therapist
In Search of a Dance Story
何天虹Rainbow Ho; 攝Photo: Thalia Wong
Professor Rainbow Ho is a dance therapist. We talked with her in the Center on Behavioral Health at the University of Hong Kong. Hanging on the wall along the way were chalk and oil paintings teeming with innocent and candid strokes. Prof. Ho said these paintings were her clients works. One of them comes with a caption, “My world is colorful, but a black claw keeps coming after me.” Every painting represents an experience and reflection. The Center also features a few spacious dance studios, activity rooms, and classrooms for pottery creation and drawing, making it similar to a small art school.
The windowsill in the dance studio is decorated with many quirkily-shaped plants, one of which has a twisted trunk with the leaves growing downward. The plant seems to be dancing, I told Prof. Ho, amused. She brightened and said if we see things from an appreciative perspective, a lot of objects are dances.
舞蹈室裡的植物 Plants in the dance studios; 攝Photo: Thalia Wong
至於治療師是如何從求助者的舞蹈中發現蛛絲馬跡，並再加以診斷和治療？「每一個動作都有意思」，動作觀察和分析是每個舞蹈治療師的必要技能。專業舞蹈中也經常用的拉班動作分析系統（Laban Movement Analysis），其實都能應用於舞蹈治療，例如拉班系統中的身體（Body）、勁力（Effort） 、形體（Shape）和空間（Space）的概念。另外，凱氏動作剖析系統（Kestenberg Movement Profile）亦常用於兒童個案分析。治療師透過觀察求助者的動作韻律，加上傾談和其他觀察做整全的分析，以了解求助者的整體狀況。
Movement: A Therapists’ Stethoscope
Before Prof. Ho became a dance therapist, she made an extensive study of in biology, anatomy, and immunology. In dance therapy, ‘dance’ has a broad definition. “To dance therapists, every body movement is a kind of dance. Whenever I see client's movement, it’s dance, even if it’s just a breath or an expression from his eyes,” she said.
Dance therapists help their clients overcome psychological stumbling blocks with body movement. During therapy, the therapist is able to come to understand the client’s situation via conversations and dance serves as a unique diagnostic medium. Trauma concerning body memories and experiences are hard to put into words so, dance therapy for these cases is a more straightforward solution. Prof. Ho said that dance during therapy “exudes spirituality” and an aesthetics of fusion between body and mind.
How do dance therapists examine their clients’ dancing for analysis and diagnosis?
“Every movement means something,” she said.
Observing and analyzing movement are the necessary skills for dance therapists. The concepts of body, effort, shape, and space in Laban Movement Analysis, commonly-used in professional dance, can also be applied in dance therapy, while Kestenberg Movement Profile is appropriate for children. Through observing clients’ movements, conversations, and other means, therapists are able to complete the analysis and diagnosis for their clients.